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All of the following are important roles for the truyền thông in American democracy EXCEPT

Tóm lược đại ý quan trọng trong bài

  • How does the profit motive affect the truyền thông in America quizlet?
  • Which statement correctly reflects the characteristics of traditional and trực tuyến truyền thông quizlet?
  • Which functions do the truyền thông serve in a democracy quizlet?
  • What effects did the Telecommunications Act of 1996 have on the Federal Communications Commission quizlet?

A.helping inform the public about current political issues and events.

B.providing a forum through which candidates, politicians, and even the public can debate policies and issues.

C.enabling privately owned companies to advertise their products to the public.

D.serving as a watchdog on the actions of politicians and other political actors.

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bring public attention to particular problem or issue

Involves identifying issues politicians will notice

Groups that want their issues addressed trying to get truyền thông attention

Groups that want their issues addressed trying to get truyền thông attention

to set news agenda

Plays a critical role in whether elected officials act on a policy issue

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Understanding Psychology, Student Edition

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  • Social Science
  • Political Science
  • Politics of the United States
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    Terms in this set (217)

    Why are the Miranda rights important?

    1. The Miranda rights remind citizens that there are lawyers available who are paid for by the government to act on their defense.
    2. The Miranda rights notify citizens that they have protection from self-incrimination.
    4. The Miranda rights remind
    citizens that they can use a lawyer in their defense.

    In which of the following scenarios would evidence be subject to the exclusionary rule?

    1. if police used drug dogs on the front porches of houses
    2. if police entered your house without a warrant or probable cause

    In what ways is the Second Amendment different from the First Amendment? How are they similar?
    Place each option in its correct location on the Venn diagram.

    First Amendment: allows for the freedom of speech; allows for the freedom of press
    Both: reserves powers to the public; protects individual freedom; limits the government’s power; within the Bill of Rights
    Second Amendment: allows for the right to bear arms

    Which of the following statements about the death penalty are correct?

    The Supreme Court has banned the death penalty.
    The Supreme Court has restricted the cases in which the death penalty can be applied.
    Death penalty usage and sentences have decreased over time.

    In 2008, a landmark Supreme Court ruling recognized a(n) ……… right to bear arms for the purpose(s) of ……….

    individual
    self-defense

    In
    which case did the Supreme Court apply Second Amendment protections to the states?

    McDonald v. Chicago

    Which of the following were among Alexander Hamilton’s arguments concerning the Bill of Rights?

    Hamilton argued that a bill of rights would be irrelevant because the national government had only delegated powers.
    Hamilton argued that the Constitution already contained
    provisions that amounted to a bill of rights.

    Which of the following best describes the Supreme Court’s stance on public displays of religious symbols?

    The Court’s rulings have been inconsistent

    Which confessions would be legally admissible today?

    a confession made after the suspect has been informed of his right to silence
    a
    confession made when the suspect and his attorney have agreed to a plea giảm giá

    The cases Holt v. Hobbs and Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores both addressed the – clause of the First Amendment, and in both circumstances, the Court – protection from religious discrimination.

    không lấy phí exercise
    bolstered

    Which of the following amendments have been selectively incorporated to
    the states using the Fourteenth Amendment?

    Eighth Amendment
    First Amendment
    Second Amendment

    It’s 1964, and while you had previously been forced to pay a poll tax to vote, that requirement has now been put to a stop. What precipitated this change?

    a constitution amendment

    How has the Supreme Court influenced privacy
    rights?

    The Court expanded privacy rights when it ruled that women have a right to seek an abortion.
    The Court expanded privacy rights when it ruled that states cannot make homosexual conduct a crime.
    The Court expanded privacy rights when it ruled that people have “privacy in one’s association.”

    Match the law or court case with the effect that it had on women’s civil rights.

    1.
    allowed monetary damages for Title IX violations-
    Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools
    2. made it easier for employees to sue in cases of wage discrimination
    Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act
    3. established sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination
    Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
    4. made wage discrimination illegal
    Equal Pay Act of 1963

    In the landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling of ————————, the
    Court overturned ———————— and declared that “separate but equal are inherently unequal.”

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Plessy v. Ferguson

    The original Constitution did not specify any protected rights until the Bill of Rights was adopted.

    False

    Why is the doctrine of strict scrutiny important to không lấy phí
    speech?

    Strict scrutiny forces the government to effectively prove a reason for the restriction or censorship of speech

    In 2003, the Supreme Court ruled on two different University of Michigan cases related to affirmative action. They ruled that it was ——- to use race as one of a number of considerations while also ruling that it was ————— to give minority applicants a specific number of bonus
    points in the application scoring system.

    constitutional
    unconstitutional

    Choose all of the moments that relate to gay and lesbian civil rights.

    Lawrence v. Texas
    the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”
    the Supreme Court striking down DOMA

    Match each concept with its appropriate freedom.

    freedom
    of the press-prior restraint
    freedom of speech-fighting words
    freedom of assembly-public forum doctrine-

    The Fifth Amendment is similar to the -. Its goal is to protect citizens from unfair treatment by the government in criminal cases. It prevents citizens from being tried twice, which is also known as -.

    Fourth Amendment
    double jeopardy

    Match the
    following First Amendment concepts to its meaning.

    public forum doctrine – protection of public spaces
    speech plus – speech accompanied
    prior restraint- government efforts

    Match the amendment with its purpose on the right.

    13th- ended slavery
    14th- extended equal protection
    15th- allowed black men to vote
    24th-poll tax

    Which
    of the following statements about the civil rights of Native Americans are correct?

    Native Americans can be taught in their own languages.
    Native American reservations are not subject to state laws prohibiting gambling.

    Which of the following rights appeared in the original text of the Constitution, before the addition of the Bill of Rights?

    right of habeas corpus
    right
    to trial by jury in the state where a crime was committed

    The – is primarily concerned with Congress sponsoring or favoring a specific religion, whereas the – has to do with Congress prohibiting or interfering with the practice of religion.

    establishment clause
    không lấy phí exercise clause

    In 2008, a landmark Supreme Court ruling recognized a(n) – right to bear arms
    for the purpose(s) of -.

    individual
    self-defense

    Which case, involving a refusal to stand for the Pledge of Allegiance, established the precedent for the không lấy phí exercise clause?

    West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

    Categorize the following as examples of civil liberties or civil rights.

    1. civil rights
    rooted in the equal protection clause
    protects you from discrimination
    2. civil liberties
    personal freedoms
    restricts what the government can do to you

    In which case did the Supreme Court apply Second Amendment protections to the states?

    McDonald v. Chicago

    Which statement about the Supreme Court’s approach to dealing with
    gun rights over time is accurate?

    The Court did not giảm giá with many such cases until the twenty-first century.

    Which of the following amendments has the Supreme Court argued have elements of the right to privacy?

    Third, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth

    Which of the following statements about the death penalty are correct?

    Death penalty usage ans sentences have decreased over time
    The Supreme Court has banned the death penalty
    The Supreme Court has restricted the cases in which the death

    In the context of understanding public opinion, which of the following is the best definition of values?

    basic principles that shape a person’s opinions about issues and events

    Match
    each political value to its definition.

    Every citizen should have the opportunity to take part in the government process.- democracy

    Government interference in individuals’ lives should be kept to a minimum.- liberty

    All individuals should be allowed to seek personal and material success.- equality of opportunity

    What is true regarding socialization, the attitudes about political issues, and
    underlying political values?

    Underlying values are formed through political socialization.
    Underlying values tend to shape specific attitudes.

    Choose all of the following that can influence individuals who are trying to form opinions about a particular policy issue.

    the government
    the truyền thông
    interest groups

    In a
    scientific poll, what sample size is generally sufficient for accurately measuring national public opinion?

    1000

    The government can easily and substantially influence public opinion.

    False

    In contemporary politics, which of the following political positions are more likely to be supported by liberals?

    expansion of federal social services
    protection of rights for gays and lesbians
    extensive government intervention in the economy

    How do most Americans get their political news?

    skimming headlines on the internet

    Which of the following statements are correct regarding the truyền thông and public opinion?

    The way the
    truyền thông present a story can influence public opinion.
    Presentation of corruption in government has undermined public trust.

    Given the importance of political environment in shaping political views, which policy area below might someone feel is more important if they grew up during the war on terror?

    domestic security

    Government policy – – – – to public opinion;
    public opinion – – – – to government policy.

    responds

    Which of the following statements is correct?

    1. It is possible to estimate the country’s opinion based on a small sample of 1,000 to 1,200 people.
    2. Highly knowledgeable citizens tend to maintain

    Which of the following is correct regarding the effect of the marketplace
    of ideas on opinion formation?

    Competing forces try to persuade as many people as possible, and few people resist modification of their beliefs

    In general, which political or ideological group is most likely to oppose the expansion of government activity?

    conservatives

    Review the graphic, and then answer the following
    question.

    liberals

    The mass truyền thông – neutral messengers for others’ ideas. The truyền thông have had – independent impact on public opinion.

    are not
    significant

    Analyze the graph on the percentage of Americans who claim each ideology, and then answer the following question.
    Which of the following statements about Americans’
    ideology is correct?

    More Americans today identify themselves as conservatives than liberals.

    The chiến dịch to repeal Roe v. Wade is primarily led by which group?

    interest groups

    Which of the following elements do pollsters have to consider before conducting a poll that will forecast the election?

    wording
    of survey questions
    ability to randomly select respondents
    a large sample

    Which of the following are results of the low levels of political knowledge among many Americans?

    People may tư vấn policies against their own self-interest.
    Political opinion can be manipulated by political elites

    Which of the following factors influence Americans’ beliefs and
    opinions?

    age
    gender
    religion
    income
    race
    geographic region

    When elected officials pursue policies that are not in line with centrist opinion, what is often the cause?

    They are prioritizing the views of a loyal voting bloc over others.

    Which statement best characterizes the partisan differences in public
    opinion?

    Democrat and Republican voters strongly disagree on almost all issues.

    An election poll of 1,000 people indicates that 49 percent of voters favor Candidate A, and 51 percent of voters favor Candidate B, with a 2 percent margin of error.

    50 percent of the population supports Candidate A and 50 percent supports Candidate B.

    51 percent of the population supports
    Candidate A and 49 percent supports Candidate B.

    What is the goal of a push poll?

    to shape the respondent’s perception of the candidate or issue in question

    In contemporary politics, conservatives tend to -abortion and same-sex marriage. They mostly believe that a powerful government – individual citizens and that regulation on business is –

    oppose
    threatens
    inefficient

    If a public-opinion survey suffers from selection bias, which of the following has occurred?

    The survey organization did not get a random sample.

    Today, spanning across party lines, public trust in government is -. Trust is slightly higher among – when a Democrat is in the White House.

    low
    Democrats

    Select the following statements that are true regarding the role education plays in political socialization.

    The more education one has, the more likely one is to be involved in politics.

    The more education one has, the more tolerant of racial minorities one is.

    Which of the following are examples of presidential attempts to
    lead public opinion?

    Donald Trump’s use of Twitter to promote policy agenda and communicate his sentiments
    George W. Bush’s public relations program supporting the War on Terror
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “fireside chats”

    Most people initially acquire their political orientation from -, while friends – important role in shaping opinion as one gets older.

    family
    play
    a more

    Which of the following statements are correct regarding the effect of party polarization on public opinion?

    Party endorsements have a larger impact on opinion formation than it used to.

    Party polarization decreases the impact of other information on public opinion.

    Which of the following is the best definition of political socialization?

    the process through which political beliefs and values are formed

    If survey respondents are hiding their true preferences about race from the interviewer, what is the survey suffering from?

    -the social desirability effect

    A mid-2017 survey showed that 13 percent more men than women believed Donald Trump was doing a good job as president. This
    is evidence of what is known in political science as the -gap

    gender

    Given survey respondents’ varying answers to the same basic question as shown in this graph, what should we conclude about surveys?

    Small differences in survey wording can have big differences in results.

    Match the relationship between political trust and the
    evaluation of government’s effectiveness.

    less likely to vote in an election-low trust

    view the government as inefficient-low trust

    agree that government represents average voters-high trust

    Studies show that government policy can affect public opinion in – policy areas, – salient issues such as the environment, health care, and the death penalty.

    many
    including

    In public-opinion polling, what is a random sample?

    -Each person within the specified population has an equal probability of being selected as a respondent.

    Imagine that in 2020, former vice president Joe Biden runs for the Democratic nomination for president. He mentions early and often how he is leading the polls among Democratic voters, and this convinces undecided voters
    that they should tư vấn him since he is the front-runner. What is this an example of?

    the bandwagon effect

    By using -, average citizens form opinions that are – consistent with their underlying preferences.

    informational shortcuts
    often

    Government policy – to public opinion; public opinion -to government policy.

    responds; responds

    Match each ideological group to the statement(s) they would be most likely to tư vấn.

    extensive government intervention to reduce economic and social inequality- socialists

    government that is as small and limited as possible-libertarians

    most likely to tư vấn traditional family arrangements and prayer in school-conservatives

    supportive of political
    and social reform-liberals

    Which of the following has had the biggest effect on increasing leaked information in the early twenty-first century?

    new technology and the internet

    Which news source is most likely to report on a story about riots or protests first?

    internet

    Which
    of the following are consequences of the current increase in truyền thông monopolies?

    Individuals expressing less popular viewpoints may find it difficult to get truyền thông exposure.
    A smaller number of companies control the truyền thông’s agenda setting power.

    Choose all of the following that traditional journalists believe are important standards and practices.

    Verify sources so as to
    provide the most accurate reporting.
    Provide objective treatment of both sides of an issue.

    Comedy shows like The Daily Show are – sources of political news, with followers who are – informed about politics.

    important
    well

    What effect(s) did the Telecommunications Act of 1996 have on the Federal Communications Commission?

    It
    loosened restrictions on truyền thông ownership.

    When the truyền thông chooses not to report on a particular idea or story, which form of influence are they exercising?

    agenda setting

    How does the profit motive affect the truyền thông in America?

    Decisions are primarily by what the audience wants

    Which
    of the following terms describes news reported and distributed by ordinary people, rather than professional journalists?

    citizen journalism

    Which of the following news topics are the truyền thông most likely to report on?

    a senator being investigated for bribery

    The shift to digital truyền thông has most hurt -, which have shifted to – as a
    major source of revenue.

    newspaper and magazine
    trực tuyến subscriptions

    Which of the following federal regulations on the truyền thông are still in effect?

    – equal time provision
    – right of rebuttal

    While the newspaper business has declined over the past several years, which of the following describes the status of trực tuyến news
    readership?

    increased

    Match each type of truyền thông source to its relevant characteristics.

    oldest form of truyền thông-newspapers and magazines
    the most open to new participants such as citizen journalists-digital truyền thông
    features the most interaction between audience and the press-digital truyền thông
    broadest reach of all news sources-broadcast truyền thông
    least popular source for news
    today-newspapers and magazines

    According to research by the Pew Research Center on internet access, which two groups tend to have the greatest access to broadband internet at home?

    college graduates
    the wealthy

    Most leaked confidential information comes from – government officials, who have – relationships with journalists.

    senior
    long-term

    Choose all of the functions that the truyền thông serve in democratic politics.

    watch the government and politicians for any wrongdoing on their part
    inform the public about current political issues
    provide a forum for politicians to debate policies

    When politicians fight over calling a bill “health care reform” or “health care rationing,” what are they trying to
    shape?

    how the truyền thông frame the bill

    Match the source of truyền thông power to its influence on public opinion.

    What opinions Americans hold on issues: framing, priming
    What issues Americans think about: setting the agenda

    Which statements correctly reflect the characteristics of traditional and trực tuyến truyền thông?

    Online truyền thông have a higher potential for misinformation than traditional truyền thông. Traditional truyền thông are often forced to account for trực tuyến truyền thông reports in their own stories.

    If the truyền thông chooses to focus on a war in the Middle East rather than discussing some positive economic news from that region, it is engaging in -. This is directly related to the truyền thông’s power of -.

    selection bias
    agenda
    setting

    Which of the following statements are true regarding changes in the truyền thông landscape since 1991?

    The Internet has replaced the newspaper as people’s secondary source for news.
    Newspaper readership has declined.

    Sites such as Google News and RealClear Politics are considered -, in that they mostly – produce their own original content.

    news aggregators
    do not

    There is a gap in internet access based on factors such as income, age, race, and other demographics. This gap is known as the digital ________.

    divide

    In general, television news tends to offer – depth in its coverage of political events. It tends to offer more political – than -.

    little
    headlines
    analysis

    Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the truyền thông wrote many stories about President Bush’s performance on protecting the nation from terrorism and few stories on the economy. What two means of truyền thông influence is this an example of?

    agenda setting
    priming

    Match the form of truyền thông to its level of government regulation.

    Magazines
    & Newspapers- essentially không lấy phí from government interference
    Television & Radio- subject to federal regulation

    What was the penny press?

    Cheap, tabloid style newspaper produced in the nineteenth century.

    How have technology companies like Google and Facebook become part of the modern truyền thông landscape?

    They are a major
    part of the way that traditional truyền thông is now delivered and advertised.

    Most of the national news published by local newspapers is provided by which source?

    the Associated Press

    Most truyền thông in America are non-profit or receive most of their funding from the government or tax dollars.

    False

    If
    a family watches television to get their news, what kind of truyền thông source are they relying on?

    broaddast truyền thông

    How did the Telecommunications Act of 1996 change the truyền thông landscape?

    it opened the way for the consolidation of truyền thông ownership

    Freedom of the press is found in the ______ Amendment? (Enter 1 for First Amendment, 2 for
    Second, etc.)

    1

    The truyền thông have been – aggressive in investigating the government in recent years than it used to be.

    more

    If the truyền thông chooses to focus on a war in the Middle East rather than discussing some positive economic news from that region, it is engaging in -. This is directly related to the truyền thông’s power of
    -.

    selection bias
    agenda setting

    Which of the following are consequences of the current increase in truyền thông monopolies?

    Individuals expressing less popular viewpoints may find it difficult to get truyền thông exposure.
    A smaller number of companies control the truyền thông’s agenda setting power.

    The shift to digital truyền thông has most hurt
    -, which have shifted to – as a major source of revenue.

    newspapers and magazines
    trực tuyến subscriptions

    Most leaked confidential information comes from – government officials, who have – relationships with journalists.

    senior
    long-term

    Choose all of the functions that the truyền thông serve in democratic politics.

    inform the public about current political issues
    watch the government and politicians for any wrongdoing on their part
    provide a forum for politicians to debate policies

    Winners of – elections go on to face each other in the – election.

    primary, general

    What is the key feature that makes American political parties different from
    interest groups?

    Try to control the government by winning elections

    Match each example of political participation to whether it represents digital or traditional participation.

    traditional:
    has existed since the founding of the country
    includes voting

    digital:
    includes signing an trực tuyến petition
    becoming more popular over time

    Which of the following statements are correct regarding the stability of party identification?

    Individuals rarely change their party identification.
    Looking at the electorate as a whole, party identification is stable.

    Why can it be difficult to find quality candidates to run for office?

    Candidates expect to have their lives scrutinized during a
    chiến dịch.
    Party leaders are rarely willing to offer monetary tư vấn unless a candidate can raise some funds on his or her own.
    Even running for a lower office requires raising large sums of money.

    Which two groups did the Republican Party add to its coalition during the 1980s?

    religious conservatives
    working-class whites

    Why are third parties often
    short-lived?

    The major parties absorb their programs and their popular ideas.

    If Joe Smith, a registered Republican voter, is allowed to vote in the Democratic primary, he must live in a state that uses which type of primary system?

    open primary

    Choose all of the following statements about the 2018 midterm elections that are
    correct.

    The Democrats had a sizable fundraising advantage over the Republicans.
    There were an unusually large number of female candidates in the 2018 cycle.
    The 2018 midterm election revolved around the president to an even greater extent than other midterm elections.

    Which of the following statements best characterizes people’s attachments to political parties?

    party
    attachments tend to be stable emotional and rational ties

    The United States uses a proportional representation system.

    False

    How do parties influence the committee system?

    Membership depends on the percentage of seats held by the party.
    Transfer from one committee to another requires party authorization.

    To prevent having multiple candidates from the same party confusing voters in a general election, political parties take which of the following actions?

    hold nomination races

    Direct democracy allows voters the opportunity to directly translate their preferences into government policy. Match the following characteristics of direct democracy to their respective form—ballot initiatives
    or referenda.

    ballot initiative-allows citizens to place proposed law directly on ballot
    referendum:
    present in 50 states
    state legislature refers laws to voters for popular vote

    Put these major moments in the history of American political parties in order from earliest to latest.

    The Federalists represent New England merchants and argue for protective
    tariffs.
    The Democrats and Whigs become the two major political parties.
    The Republican Party comes into existence.
    The New Deal realignment leaves the Democratic Party dominant for several decades.

    Match the U.S. Supreme Court case to the effect it had on chiến dịch spending.

    Buckley v. Valeo- introduced idea that chiến dịch contributions count as speech
    Citizens United v. FEC (2010)- government could
    not restrict independent expenditures by corporations
    McCutcheon et al. v. FEC (năm trước)-removed limits on individuals’ chiến dịch contributions

    Rank the following elections by voter turnout levels, from highest participation rate to lowest.

    presidential elections; midterm elections; state and local elections

    When is party identification most likely to influence a
    person’s vote choice?

    when that person is unfamiliar with the issues
    when that person knows little about the candidates
    when that person is voting on state legislative candidates

    Which of the following statements regarding digital participation are correct?

    Digital participation has made political participation easier.
    Political participation digitally is likely to
    increase offline participation.
    Young voters are more likely to use social truyền thông for political participation.

    Which of the following set groups such as 527s and 501(c)(4)s apart from more traditional chiến dịch finance groups such as political action committees?

    These groups are not subject to the spending limits of the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act.
    These groups cannot coordinate directly with
    campaigns.

    Which of the following is an example of external mobilization?

    Aspiring politicians creating Party organizations

    Which group was the primary election system introduced to weaken?

    party leaders

    Choose all of the following that are true about internal
    mobilization

    It is one of the ways a political party forms.
    It is driven by government officials.
    This is how the first parties in the United States formed.

    At of the start of 2019, there will be a – government with the – controlling the presidency and the Senate and the – controlling the House of Representatives.

    divided, Republicans, Democrats

    The trend in chiến dịch finance law over time has been toward which of the following?

    fewer restrictions of chiến dịch donantions

    When is the “general election” period?

    after the party nominations have concluded

    Jose, Mark, and Marissa are running as Republicans to represent their district in the House of
    Representatives. They are competing in a primary to win their party’s __________.

    nomination

    How is the Speaker of the House chosen?

    select by the House majority party

    When a chiến dịch relies on big databases to develop a chiến dịch message for rural hunting enthusiasts rather than all residents of a particular locale, the chiến dịch
    is engaging in which of the following activities?

    micro targeting

    Which of the following statements about the năm nay presidential election are true?

    Clinton and Trump were the most disliked major party candidates in the modern era.
    There was a sizable gender gap among voters.

    The winner of the electoral college vote – matches
    the winner of the popular vote.

    often

    Which of the following characterizations of turnout trends are correct?

    More people vote in presidential elections than in midterm elections.
    Turnout dropped during the 1960s and 1970s.
    Turnout rates from 2012 on were generally similar to presidential turnout rates in the 1920s.

    This
    is the process by which people are organized for political activity.

    mobilization

    Arthur is trying to decide whether to vote for Lauriel or Max. He decides to vote for Max in part because he and Max share the same ethnic and religious background. This is an example of what factor that can influence voter decisions?

    candidate characteristics

    Party organizers often have a(n) – time recruiting political candidates because of the – of chiến dịch fundraising.

    difficult
    important

    To vote in U.S. elections, one must first meet which of the following requirements?

    register to vote

    Label the following as examples of the majority party or the minority
    party in the House of Representatives.

    They could raise and spend far more money on their own.

    Which of the following are forms of traditional political participation?

    voting in an election
    participating in a protest
    attending a chiến dịch sự kiện

    These private groups raise and distribute funds for use in election campaigns
    and have been around longer than newer groups such as 527 committees and 501(c)(4) committees.

    political action committees

    Micro-targeting has made it easier to mobilize voters.

    true

    Choose all of the following that are true about internal mobilization.

    This is how the first parties in the
    United States formed.
    It is one of the ways a political party forms.
    It is driven by government officials.

    What happens during an electoral realignment?

    A new party supplants the ruling party

    The “New Deal” Coalition that developed in the 1930s system was eventually undone by conflicts over which of the following issues?

    civil
    rights
    the Vietnam War

    The Whig Party emerged from the -Party in the second party system. By the end of the third party system, the Whigs had largely been subsumed by the – Party.

    Federalist
    Republican

    Which candidate spent the most money in the năm nay election cycle?

    Hillary Clinton

    Registration
    requirements tend to reduce voting among which of the following groups?

    poorly educated
    young

    Why can it be difficult to find quality candidates to run for office?

    Candidates expect to have their lives scrutinized during a chiến dịch.
    Party leaders are rarely willing to offer monetary tư vấn unless a candidate can raise some funds on his or her own.
    Even running for a
    lower office requires raising large sums of money

    Which of the following statements about chiến dịch fundraising in năm nay is most accurate?

    The Democratic candidate, Hillary Clinton, raised substantially more money than the Republican candidate, Donald Trump.

    Unlike PACs, 527 organizations are not subjected to contribution limits and spending caps.

    true

    Which statements are correct about the trends in Americans’ party identification?

    More people are identifying as independent now than before.
    More people identify as Democrat now than Republican.
    More people identify as independent now than Democrat.
    More people identify as independent now than Republican.

    In recent elections,
    which of the following four factors is the single most important factor in predicting whether an individual will vote?

    education

    Since the Constitution was adopted in the 1780s, how many major parties tend to compete with one another at any given time?

    2

    The winner of the electoral college vote – matches the winner of the
    popular vote.

    often

    To prevent having multiple candidates from the same party confusing voters in a general election, political parties take which of the following actions?

    hold nomination races

    In 2018, Democrats picked up many more seats in the -. At the same time, they ended up losing seats in the -.

    House of Representatives
    Senate.

    Which person has the highest socioeconomic status?

    a high income person wit a medical degree

    Suffrage is another name for the right to vote.

    true

    Candidates can spend an unlimited amount of their own money in trying to win an
    election.

    true

    The following terms are often confused: – are concerned with influencing the policies of government, – are interested in influencing who gets elected, though they do not run their own candidates. Finally, – are interested in the personnel of government, often directly running individuals for political office.interest groups, political action committees, political parties

    interest groups, political action committees, political parties

    Which of the following types of interest groups is most likely to be involved in protesting the expansion of oil pipelines in the United States?

    public interest group

    Which of the following represent the things that most interest-group organizational structures have in common?

    leadership, money and members

    Which of the following statements about PACs are accurate?

    Evidence suggests that interest groups’ chiến dịch contributions influence behavior in Congress.
    The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) failed to restrict PAC operations overall.

    New government programs often prompt the formation of new interest
    groups.

    true

    Traditional interest groups are more likely than trực tuyến advocacy associations to rely on -. Smaller staffs and the use of virtual offices make trực tuyến advocacy groups – expensive to operate than traditional ones.

    professional advocates
    less

    What, primarily, brought about the formation of the New Politics movement,
    which spurred interest-group growth?

    the experiences of the civil rights and antiwar movements

    What kind of benefit is derived from the experience of working with like-minded people?

    Solidary

    Interest groups may use —————- in mass-circulation magazines, newspapers, and television to improve their standing in the
    community at large, whereas —————- occurs when a lobbying group urges its members to contact their elected representatives directly with letters, emails, or phone calls.

    institutional advertising
    grassroots mobilization

    Why are không lấy phí riders a problem for interest groups trying to secure collective goods?

    Free riders can enjoy collective goods even without helping,
    so they do not provide tư vấn for interest groups.

    In which of the following ways does an issue network differ from an iron triangle?

    An issue network includes interested individuals and activists who would not be part of a strict iron triangle.

    The growth in social truyền thông has had little impact on interest groups and their organizations.

    False

    How did the actions of the federal government in the 1960s and 1970s affect the number of interest groups?

    How did the actions of the federal government in the 1960s and 1970s affect the number of interest groups?

    Which of the following statements accurately describe how lobbyists interact with Congress

    Lobbyists
    provide information to busy members of Congress.
    Lobbyists can often have direct input into the exact language that appears in legislation.

    Match each example of a specific interest group to the correct category of interest groups.

    professional associations-American Bar Association
    public-sector groups-National League of Cities
    economic and corporate groups-Independent Petroleum Association of America
    citizen groups-Natural Resources Defense Council
    labor groups-AFL-CIO

    Many interest groups formed as a result of the New Politics movement. Choose all of the following issues that these groups focused on.

    environmental protection
    women’s rights

    Online advocacy organizations differ from traditional interest groups in that they have a more streamlined staff
    structure and less bureaucracy

    True

    Sort the following activities into whether they are more characteristic of interest groups or of political parties

    more limited in scope
    try to influence the policies of government through lobbying

    Label the following examples of an interest group benefit with the type of benefit it
    represents.

    An interest-group thành viên receives a không lấy phí T-shirt for joining-material
    An individual joins an environmental protection organization to meet and network with other local environmentalists.-solidary
    An interest-group thành viên receives discounts from local businesses related to the interest group-material
    An individual draws pride from having contributed to an interest group’s introduction of a particular piece of
    legislation-purposive

    Which of the following characteristics belong to political action committees (PACs) and which to Super PACs?

    Super PACs
    cannot contribute directly to candidates
    may raise unlimited sums from corporations, unions, and individuals
    PACs
    can contribute up to $5,000 to a federal candidate for office
    started in the 1970s

    Sort the
    following statements into whether they are truer of membership associations or staff organizations.

    members play key roles staffing committees or engaging in group projects
    includes groups such as labor unions

    What role do members play in staff organization interest groups?

    pay dues and make contributions

    Lobbying refers to
    direct contact by an interest group specifically with a thành viên of Congress.

    False

    – benefits are provided in the form of emails, conferences, training events, and other communications from a group. Online advocacy organizations are less likely than traditional associations to offer – benefits to members.

    informational
    material

    Which
    decade saw the beginning of the New Politics movement and interest groups associated with it? (For the 1940s, enter 1940, etc.)

    1960

    How can interest groups use ballot initiatives to achieve their goals?

    Groups can put laws of interest directly to the voters, bypassing the legislative process.

    You’ve just been assigned a group
    project. There is one person in your group who does none of the work but is happy to take the “A” you all earn for the final product. This person is an example of a(n) __________.

    không lấy phí rider

    The largest growth in the number of interest groups happened in the 1910s and 1920s.

    False

    Choose all of the following that are examples of
    material benefits.

    a mug or tote bag that you receive for donating to National Public Radio (NPR) or the Public Broadcasting System (PBS)
    travel discounts for being a thành viên of AARP

    When an interest group submits an amicus curiae brief, it is engaging in lobbying which branch of the government?

    judiciary

    One of the more
    famous quotes in political science (yes, there are famous quotes among political scientists) is Schattschneider’s “[t]he flaw in the pluralist heaven is that the heavenly chorus sings with a strong upper-class accent.” What did he mean by this?

    Interest-group politics tends to favor business and corporate interests.

    Rank from highest to lowest the following interest groups by how much they spent on lobbying in
    năm nay.

    the U.S. Chamber of Commerce
    National Association of Realtors
    defense contractors
    Amazon

    – are the most closely related type of interest group to public interest groups

    Ideological groups

    Which of the following groups are generally considered unrepresented in Washington, D.C.?

    the
    homeless
    the poor

    The National League of Cities, the National Governor’s Association, and Harvard University are all examples of what kind of interest group?

    public sector

    Choose all of the following that are a part of an iron triangle

    an administrative agency
    a congressional committee
    a supportive interest
    group

    Which of the following represent actual restrictions or conditions imposed by the government on lobbying practices?

    Lobbyists are required to disclose the amounts of small chiến dịch contributions they “bundle” into large contributions.
    Groups must disclose the funds they use to rally voters.

    In general, groups organized on behalf of businesses and
    industries have more lobbyists and more financial resources than citizen groups.

    True

    Lobbying refers to direct contact by an interest group specifically with a thành viên of Congress.

    False

    Which of the following statements about interest groups is accurate?

    A very large number of interest
    groups would suggest a more pluralistic society.

    Sort the following statements into whether they are truer of membership associations or staff organizations.

    members play key roles staffing committees or engaging in group projects
    includes groups such as labor unions

    Which of the following types of interest groups is most likely to be involved in protesting the
    expansion of oil pipelines in the United States?

    public interest group

    Which of the following statements about interest groups is accurate?

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